India’s Food Security Entitlements

India’s Food Security Entitlements: Implications for Agriculture and Nutrition

Study Objectives

The study has descriptive and explanatory objectives, and seeks to have lessons for policy. Regards certain lesser understood dimensions such as on gender relations for
instance, its objectives are exploratory. Being primarily qualitative, the study is not set-up to draw any absolute causal conclusions, yet it seeks to ask the complex ‘how’
and ‘why’ questions, on factors and processes that explain the performance of food schemes and nutrition outcomes on the ground. It further asks questions with an aim
to discover and nuance understanding of inter-connections between local agriculture and nutrition as may be mediated by India’s food entitlements.

Research Questions 

The project asks the following interrelated research questions.

What are key administrative successes and challenges in optimal implementation of food security provisions?

  • What facilitates interdepartmental convergence and coordination?
  • What are governance innovations that facilitate better implementation of food schemes?

What is the cultural acceptability of foods provided within public programmes, and potential for greater acceptability?

  • What is the utilisation of and cultural acceptability of foods provided as 0-3 ICDS ‘take home rations’, and within PDS and MDM?
  • What are strategies that can make ICDS food supplements, especially for pregnant women and young children more acceptable?
  • What are attitudes towards traditional millets and coarse grains?

How do gender relations influence food and nutrition security provisions, and women’s role in agriculture?

  • What are the effects of women being considered the ‘head of the household’ for the purpose of issue of ration card?
  • What are the maternal and child nutrition implications of maternity benefits?
  • What are implications of women’s farm labour for child nutrition?

What is the scope for agricultural reform and interventions in agriculture, in connection with food security entitlements?

  • By way of incentives for food production, including procurement incentives for traditional coarse grains?
  • In influencing the nature of food supplementation within the ICDS, including on Take Home Rations and their cultural suitability?
  • In investments towards home-based kitchen gardens?

Lead partner

The School of International Development - University of East Anglia


South Asia Focus

Funded by UK DFID

This research has been funded by the UK Government’s Department for International Development; however the views expressed do not necessarily reflect the UK Government’s official policies



Follow Us